Head of department
Dr. Elisabetta Guida
Dr. Francesco Somajni
Sleep disorders may present:
- as a specific illness (Primary Sleep Disorder);
- as a symptom of psychiatric illness (mood and anxiety disorders);
- in association with a general medical condition (Parkinson’s disease, cerebrovascular diseases, hyper/hypothyroidism, chronic bronchitis, respiratory failure);
- induced by exogenous substances (alcohol, drugs, coffee, tea, etc.).
Sleep disorders are fairly widespread. They are more frequent as age increases and in women, but they can affect people at any age (even in childhood).
Insomnia is the most common disorder and may interfere with falling asleep, with the central stage of sleeping, or cause to wake up too early. The patient perceives having insufficiently slept, not having properly rested or being unable to fall asleep. Consequences of sleep deprivation are tiredness during the day, difficulty in concentrating, memory lapses, anxiety and irritability. Other sleep disorders are hypersomnia, restless leg syndrome, bruxism.